The rapporteur identifies five areas for action:
- an immediate response and provision of help to Member States where urgent situations exist owing to increased refugee or migratory flows;
- reducing the incentives for a continuation of irregular migration;
- management of the EU’s external borders;
- political asylum; and
- management of legal migration and integration of migrants into society.
Europe’s cities and regions have been placed under considerable pressure by an irregular flow of migrants and the regions on its southern and eastern margins have become a regular arrival point for migratory and refugee flows. Given their position on the front line, the rapporteur stresses that local and regional authorities (LRAs) need to be involved in every stage of framing and implementing the European Agenda on Migration, including for setting priorities, evaluating outcomes and monitoring the consequences. At the same time, the rapporteur commends the EU’s efforts to support the establishment of sustainable political and administrative structures in relation to issues of migration and asylum, and considers that these efforts should include supporting local institution-building by providing for effective funding, technical assistance and training for LRAs, so that optimum use is made of humanitarian aid and existing and future financial resources. Moreover, he stresses the need for preventative action to help address irregular migration, help promote stability and the upholding of fundamental rights in its neighbourhood, whilst also showing solidarity to those Member States that bear a heavier burden in this regard.