Given that local and regional authorities are responsible for network planning and maintenance, parking and accessibility, and for monitoring the implementation of environmental standards, this opinion is of key importance to the CoR. However, the rapporteur notes that not enough time has lapsed to carry out an in-depth evaluation of the measures taken, especially as no intermediate targets were set. Despite this, Councillor Spyridon believes that the changing economic and geopolitical context give value to a partial assessment of progress to date. In his view, the interdependence between transport policies and policies for the environment, innovation and social policy call for a reduced dependence on oil, curbing noise and reducing air pollution. From a regional perspective, the CoR opinion notes the uneven development and fragmentation of the transport network, particularly when it comes to rail and road. It therefore calls for a high-quality transport network, alongside flexible financial instruments, in order to boost competition. Within this context, the rapporteur highlights the need for adequate transport networks for sparsely populated or geographically disadvantaged areas as a basic factor in bringing about territorial cohesion. Passenger rights should also be further developed to ensure better consistency.
EU transport policy is not only about international, cross-border (T-Ten) corridors, but even more about the so called comprehensive network which is feeding those international corridors. Local and regional authorities have great responsibility for this. And do not forget that urban mobility will have a tremendous development in the upcoming decade