Cycling, walking, public passenger transport solutions, car sharing and pooling should be given preference in urban planning. The opinion encourages local and regional ways to influence consumer preferences and choices, encouraging the use of alternative fuel vehicles. Parking spaces, bus lanes, procurement benefits, “green” registration plates or tariff reductions on tolls are among the proposed solutions.
‘European regions, by playing an active role in establishing smart telecommunications and transport infrastructure, may ensure the efficient use of connected and automated vehicles along the corridors of the TEN-T network which crosses the borders and territories of the Member States‘ – argues the rapporteur listing an added value of such optimisations.
The document is also in favour of harmonisation of transport information available currently from different mobility-related sources. Integrated ticketing also faces obstacles against its wider use as modes of public transport differ in terms of profitability.
Low- or zero-emission mobility is expected to revolutionise transport in terms of networks, vehicles and fuels. CoR endorses reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from transport by at least 60% compared to 1990. It sees electric transportation and electric recharging infrastructure as quickly deployable in urban areas and conurbations where local authorities support central governments in such efforts.
Local and regional authorities are aware that a shift towards low-emission mobility could create challenges for the labour market, and therefore they prioritise that the workforce is re-trained for new jobs. ‘Despite high unemployment rates, there is a shortage of staff in many important areas of the transport sector as result of a lack of digital skills‘ – underlines the rapporteur.
Adoption by the CoR: 13 July 2017